The nuclear medicine division was founded in 1958, a branch of Medical Imaging Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Sciences. Now there are one professor and two associate professor. Both of them are qualified tutor for Master candidates, at present 5 postgraduate candidates here. The nuclear medicine division is one of the basement of continue education of the Health Ministry, and one of the chief consulting department of Guangdong Medical Association in Nuclear Medicine. We not only possess advanced SPECT system, but also know better and have advantages in the early diagnosis of coronary artery disease, the monitoring of bone metastasis, the detecting brain metabolism and renal function, which are in the leadership of South-China region.
Since 1950's, we have treated over 30,000 cases of hyperthyroidism with radioactive iodine (131-I), among of the top rank of most cured cases. It is called "no-operation surgery" for using radioactive ray to cut the enlarged thyroid. Based on the past decades experience, the 131-I for hyperthyroidism is considered as one with advantages over other medical treatment of its safety, simplified usage, effective and low recurrence (<10%). The cure rate is over 70-80% of one dose usage. There are no reports on its related hepatic damage, leukocytes decreasing, and let alone leukemia, malignant tumor and sterility. Thus radioactive 131-I is one of the first choice in the treatment of hyperthyroidism. We also use radioactive isotopes in lots of other diseases, such as 90-Y for hemangioma, skin scar, 89-Sr for multiple bone metastasis, 131-I for metastasis post the operation of thyroid cancer.
We started earlier in our country on the research of myocardial perfusion imaging, which was granted by Guangdong Natural Sciences Grants and National 95 Target Sciences Grants. The project of Tc-99m -MIBI myocardial Quantitative imaging methods and its application in coronary artery disease is awarded Guangdong Province Science Progress 3th Prize on medicine hygiene in1995.
Now we are on the way of Dopamine Transporter SPECT Imaging in Parkinson Disease granted by the National Natural Sciences Grants. This project will highlight the diagnosis of Parkinson disease and its differentiation, its monitoring, and is becoming a routine method.